West Java Culture

West Java is a province located on the island of Java. The province is located in the DKI Jakarta so many immigrants who settled in this province. The capital city is Bandung.

Culture in West Java province is heavily influenced by the culture of Sunda. Martial arts originating from West Java is Tarung Drajat, a kind of Pencak Silat. Here is a list of art which originated from West Java

1. Dance Jaipongan
2. Mask Dance
3. Peacock Dance
4. Art Cianjuran
5. Cirebonan arts, etc.

Besides West Java has the traditional weapon called Kujang and Houses customary named Cirebon Keraton Kasepuhan

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OrkesTanjidor has grown since the 19th century, flourished in rural areas. According to some information, the orchestra comes from the orchestra that originally fostered the environment mg landlords, such as landlords Citeureup, near Cibinong.

In general, each instrument in the orchestra Tanjidor consisting of wind instrument like a piston (cornet a piston), trombone, tenor, clarinet, bass, percussion instruments equipped with a membrane which is usually called a drum or drums. With enough equipment to accompany the wedding march or paraded.

For the performances, especially the place and not moving his tools are often combined with tools such as tehyan friction, and some membranfon like tambourine, drum and drums, plus some percussion instruments such as kecrek, kempul and gong.

Songs are usually sung tanjidor orchestra, according to the local term is "battalion", "Kramton" "Bananas", "Delsi", "Was No-no", "Cakranegara", and "Welmes". In later developments brought more Betawi folk songs like Surilang "Job's Tears and the like, as well as songs by local term known as the Sunda mountain songs, like" Kangaji "," Oncomlele "and so forth.

Tanjidor groups residing in Jakarta area, among others, from the leadership Cijantung Nyaat, Kalisari Nawin leadership, leadership Pondokranggon Maun, Ceger Gejen leadership.

Tanjidor spreading area, except in the suburbs of Jakarta, is in the vicinity of Depok, Cibinong, Citeureup, Cullinan, Jonggol, Parung in Bogor regency, in some places in the district of Bekasi and Tangerang.

As folk art, orchestra supporters Tanjidor especially farmers in rural areas. Tanjidor artists in general can not be the capital of life from the results obtained from the field of art. Most of their living from farming or petty trading.

By supporting community Tanjidor used to enliven a celebration such as weddings, circumcisions, etc., or public parties like to celebrate Independence anniversary. Until the fifties crowds of ordinary Tanjidor performing tour, called "Ngamen". This tour was primarily conducted on New Year's party time, both AD and Lunar.

It should be noted, that in accordance with the changing times and tastes of its supporting community, with regular Tanjidor also brought dangdut songs. There is also a special rendition of the Sundanese Pop-song known as "Winingan musician."

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Tembang Cianjuran

Currently, Song Cianjuran often be an integral part of an art show at events for the community welcoming guests Sunda, such as weddings or circumcisions. Sekar voice strains (sinden) that melodious harp and flute accompaniment instruments create an atmosphere more graceful, polite, solemn and full of hospitality. So that the guests who come will surely drifting on the existing atmosphere. If said Tembang Cianjuran is music that has a color Sundanese music was so enchanting, elegant, soft and smooth. It is indeed very closely related to the development of embryo and Tembang Cianjuran.

Art Song Cianjuran born from the copyright sense, and intention Bupati Cianjur IX, R. Aria Kusumaningrat Duke (1834-1861), or more often known as "through Pancaniti". But in subsequent upgrades are the result of his creation, aided by the artist dalem Pancaniti districts, namely: Rd. Natawiredja, AEM and Maing Buleng. This is the third person who was granted permission to disseminate Dalem Pancaniti Cianjuran songs.

At RAA Prawiradiredja II reign (1861-1910), art Tembang Cianjuran refined rules. With the added accompaniment of harp and flute sound, it gives birth to Tembang Cianjuran known until recently.

Cianjuran song was originally a music filled the prestige of the nobles. Therefore, the presence of Tembang Cianjuran originally intended for officials or high-class society. And because it is also where her performance is always in-marquee marquee district. Usually used for formal occasions welcoming guests regents or official ceremonies of national holidays.

However, in the growth and development along with the various changes that occur in society Tembang Cianjuran the community has become so familiar. Cianjuran songs previously only be enjoyed by the nobility, developed into a music that is rooted in the populist tradition. Now, Song Cianjuran very easily found in the wedding party-Cianjur communities (Sunda).

Cianjuran Tembang lovers are not as many other art forms, such as pop music. But enthusiasts and connoisseurs Tembang Cianjuran significant. Some artists Tembang Cianjuran develop an unlimited again on Kacapi Song Flute Flute Cianjuran but also Kacapi Cianjuran Pop.

Although the storm swallowed modernization Tembang Cianjuran including artistic types who still get a positive response from the global community, his presence was well received by all parties. Both local and international communities to participate this Sundanese cultural heritage preservation. The proof, until now still met many foreign students who seriously study the art Tembang Cianjuran. Some of them are students from the United States, Norway, Europe, Japan and other Asian countries.

Learning the Art Sunda Song Cianjuran is not too difficult, even though not as easy to learn Sundanese Art Angklung example. The degree of difficulty to learn Tembang Cianjuran depend on grade or level as they try to play the instrument. A beginner who has never played a musical instrument at all flute lute songs Cianjuran roughly it will take 3-6 months to play the type of music desired.

It was not quite fit if someone just learning how to play instruments and singing Tembang Cianjuran only. Because of this art has a cultural richness that is saved. One is content stored on the meaning behind the poem-poem. In each poem the poetry-lovers can find a singer wisdom (wisdom vocals) form the harmony of nature, balance, humility, compassion, etc. policy. Cianjuran Tembang enthusiasts are required to disclose the messages stored in the content of his verse. Cianjuran song has become distinctive in the middle of frenzied pop culture is increasingly globalized.

Cianjuran song is very strong cultural identity. It would be very unfortunate if the younger generation began to leave this art. In the midst of this nation lost its identity crisis, there is a question worthy of mention: If the foreign person with serious learning Cianjuran Sunda Song, was there any reason for the younger generation to leave?.

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Triangle of Lake in Lumajang

Ranu Pakis

Ranu big fern

Approximately 10 minutes with two-wheel drive or four wheel we came to Ranu Pakis, when we started traveling from Ranu Klakah. Lake tourism object is located in the village of Ranu Pakis with a distance of ± 20.5 km towards the north side Lumajang town, has a height of ± 600 meters from the sea surface with an area of 50 ha lake and depth 26 m. The background is still visible Mount Lamongan and closer, and the unspoilt natural conditions would be an attraction for lovers of the environment or the tourists who need fresh air.

Besides recreation can also enjoy fresh fish sold in shops is simple and can also be brought for souvenirs. This fish cultivation results in Ranu Pakis waters with floating net cage system, type Mujaher, Nila.
Ranu Bedali

Ranu bedali gede

As the series Ranu Triangle area, with a distance of 7 km from Ranu Pakis or 6 km from Ranu Ranu Klakah we arrive at Bedali Ranuyoso District. This tourist attraction has a height of ± 700 m above sea level with an area of 25 ha lake and depth 28 m.

Unlike the two previous Ranu, Ranu interesting of these is the location of surface water are well below the soil surface. So as to reach land on the lake needed good health that is a challenge for those who are young at heart. Nevertheless panoramic lake views from the top quite exciting.
Ranu Klakah

Ranu klakah gede

Lake tourism object is located in the northern city of Lumajang precisely in the Village District Tegalrandu Klakah with the distance ± 20 km from the town of Lumajang. Transportation, accessible by private vehicles or public transport either two wheel or four-wheeled buggy as a means in addition to existing traditional local transport.

These objects are located at an altitude of ± 900 meters above sea level, with an area of 22 hectares and a depth of 28 m the background of Lamongan mountain with an altitude of ± 1668 m asl, and supported by the cool and fresh air.

This object is located at an altitude of ± 900 meters above sea level, with an area of 22 hectares and a depth of 28 m that is against the background Lamongan mountain with an altitude of ± 1668 m asl, and supported by the air is cool and fresh. A wide variety of fruits jackfruit typical Klakah sold along the highway into another attraction for these attractions.

Unique panorama of blue water attractions mirage This is an alternative choice tourist destination in East Java when visiting Bali through Jember regency. This lake is one of the attractions of Tourism Region Setiga Ranu (lake), while the other is Bedali Ranu Ranu Pakis and that one another are connected by a path that can be passed by two-wheel or four wheel. Besides enjoying a view, activities that can be done alone or with family, among others, jogging around the lake area with a paved road facilities, boating, enjoying the children playing facilities, tennis and sport fishing. Ranu Klakah available at the hotel for overnight facilities with a total 6 rooms.

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Sea Ever Jaya Indonesia

"Jalesveva Jayamahe" precisely in our glorious sea, is the picture of Indonesia's history. The first maritime glory on a large scale is shown by the kingdom of Srivijaya, who stood in 683-1030 AD Adventurers China, I Tsing, recorded, Shih Shih Li Fo (Sriwijaya) is a huge empire that has a castle in Kotaraja, sea fleet is very strong.

With the Tribe employs skilled person in the Navy shipbuilding technology and Srivijaya naval war strategy successfully mastered the ocean archipelago in the region around Sumatra to Malaya today. Sriwijaya has successfully become the prime force in the history of dominating the Nusantara region around the waters east of Sumatra Island, which is a key point of international shipping trade and even to this day.

Sriwijaya next move to Java Sea waters for control of shipping lines of spices and food crops. Siriwijaya maritime glory in the seventh century, was recorded in eleven reliefs at Borobudur temple wall depicting the Srivijaya naval strength, complete with ship construction technology, developed at the time.

However, Sriwijaya only develop themselves as a maritime nation, while the agrarian world not so developed, so that the Sriwijaya not last long. Because the port city was supposed to be supported by agricultural products become commodities leading from the interior areas.

Agrarian and maritime toughness first shown by Singhasari Kertanagara under the 13th century. Embryo of this kingdom since the 10th century by Medang, Kahuripan, and Kediri has had a strong base over the entire flow of the Brantas river from upstream to downstream, mix of agrarian and maritime forces. So when Kertanegara lead to political expansion Singhasari he can master the ocean archipelago.

In Kakawin (Chronicle, stories, books) Negarakertagama Kertanagara has announced the expansion of the horizon outside the theater to the island of Java, which covers the entire area dwipantara. With a fleet strength is unmatchable, in the year 1275 nautical Kertanagara expedition sent into the Kingdom of the Malays and Campa to make friends so that together can impede the forward movement of the Mongol Empire in Southeast Asia. Year 1284, he conquered Bali in the naval expedition to the east.

The two main pillars of the agrarian and maritime forces have been brought Kertanagara conquer: Pahang, Malays, Desert (Eastern Indonesia), Bakulapura (Borneo BD), Sundanese, Madurese, and the whole of Java. Though the sea became the main concern, Kertanagara never "miss ing madal" (be delirious), he also strengthening of agrarian sector.

Maritime glory peak reached in the 14th century when Majapahit ruled the archipelago influence even extends to foreign countries neighbors. Kingdom of Majapahit in the Raden Wijaya, Hayam Wuruk, and Gajah Mada has flourished into a large empire that can provide security guarantees for trade in the archipelago.

Vision and a strong desire to build a kingdom that promote maritime power and Agrarian has become the determination of Raden Wijaya, the child Kertanegara law. Vision is realized by selecting the location of the capital of Majapahit kingdom in the Drag in the Brantas river with the intention of the monitoring of coastal trade and also can control the agricultural production in the countryside.

Archipelago by the Majapahit unification through maritime expeditions began shortly after the Mada Mahapatih Palapa oath that famous in 1334:

Tan amukti palapa, "Sira Gajah Mada tan pepatih amungkubumi palapa amukita swing. Sira Gajah Mada huwus lost seagrass amukti Nusantara ingsun palapa, seagrass lost ring Gurun, ring Seram, ring Doran, Tanjungpura, ring Haru, ring Pahang, Dompo, ring Bali, Sunda, Palembang, Tumasik, Samana ingsun amukti Palapa "

This maritime expansion recorded in the draft State Mpu Kertagama Prapanca in 1365. This book divides the Majapahit empire in the four groups of areas: (1) Malays areas and Sumatra: Jambi, Palembang, Ocean and Lamori (Aceh), (2) areas in Cape State (Borneo) and Tringgano (Trengganu), (3) areas around Tumasik (Singapore), (4) wilayah2 east Java (Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Moluccas to Irian).

In his book, Fruin-Mess, entitled "Geschiedenis van Java" (1919) page 84, mentions "So people will see that the Majapahit area roughly equivalent to the Dutch East Indies reduced by West Java because the list does not mention the name of Pasundan" Even in the historical record says, the influence of the Majapahit Kingdom had come to some areas of foreign countries: Thailand, Ayuthia, Lagor, Campa Cambodia), Anam, India, Philippines, China.

Mahapatih under the command of Gajah Mada, Majapahit in the reign of King Hayam Wuruk (1350-1389), succeeded in realizing the vision Linguistic Theories, along with the Majapahit successfully develop shipbuilding technology in the form of an armed vessel into the main pedestal sea fleet strength.

In fact, the Majapahit navy was supported by a cannon armament mainstay spoils of Kublai Khan's armies when attacking Kediri (top tipudaya Raden Wijaya) and palm shells or rockets that were copied from the equipment Majapahit Kublai Khan's war.

Although the center of the kingdom Mojopahit farther inland, ie around Trowulan, City of Majapahit who have water channels for communications facilities that have access to the sea. Water canals has a pattern of lines intersect perpendicular, with the north-south and east-west direction. This waterway has a width of 20-30 meters and a depth of 4 meters.

On either side of these waterways are the remnants of brick, which shows the boundary lines and quiet former building. While the water to fill these channels comes from the rivers in the south, among other Brangkal river and the solution is through the channel to the west of the river, then to the river Brantas.

These pathways are also associated with the river Scissors (child Brantas river) which flows through the eastern and northern edge of the City Mojoagung. Majapahit collapsed around the year 1528 AD because there is no strong leader capable of maintaining the power and glory of Majapahit.

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History of Kutai Kartanegara

Judging from the ancient history of Indonesia, Kutai is the oldest kingdom in Indonesia. This is evidenced by the discovery of 7 pieces written inscription above yupa (stone monument) which was written in Sanskrit by using letters Pallawa. Based on paleografinya, the text dated from the 5th century AD.

From the inscriptions it can be discovered the existence of a kingdom under the leadership of the King Mulawarman, son of King Aswawarman, grandson of Maharaja Kudungga. Kingdom is governed by this Mulawarman named Martadipura Kutai, located across town Muara Kaman.

In the early 13th century, there stood a new kingdom in Tepian Stone or Kutai Lama named Kingdom Kukar with the first king, Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti (1300-1325).

With the two kingdoms in the Mahakam River area is certainly cause friction between the two. In the 16th century there was a war between the two kingdoms of this Kutai. Kukar kingdom under the king, Prince Aji Sinum Bannerman finally conquered Mendapa Kutai Martadipura. The king then called the kingdom into the kingdom Kukar Martadipura Ing.

In the 17th century Islam has been well received by the Kingdom Kukar. Furthermore many Islamic names are finally used in the names of the king and the royal family Kukar. The title was replaced by the king with the title Sultan. Sultan who first used the name of Islam is the Sultan Aji Muhammad Idris (1735-1778).

In 1732, the capital of the Kingdom Kukar moved from Kutai Lama Pemarangan.

Sultan Aji Muhammad Idris, who is the daughter of the Sultan Wajo go to the ground Lamaddukelleng Wajo, South Sulawesi to take part in fighting against the Company with the Bugis people. Government of Kutai Kartanegara temporarily held by the Trustee Council.

In the year 1739, Sultan A.M. Idris was killed on the battlefield. After the death of Sultan Idris, there was the struggle for the throne by Aji Kado. Aji royal crown prince who then Imbut little later rushed to Wajo. Gift Aji later inaugurated his name as Sultan Kukar by using the title of Sultan Aji Muhammad Aliyeddin.

As an adult, Aji Imbut as the Shah's crown prince of the Empire Kukar Kutai back to the ground. By the Bugis and courtiers loyal to the late Sultan Idris, Aji Imbut Sultan was crowned with the title Kukar Sultan Aji Muhammad Muslihuddin. Muslihuddin Sultan coronation was held at Mangkujenang (Samarinda Seberang). Since it began the fight against Aji Kado.

Resistance took place with a strict embargo strategy by Mangkujenang against Pemarangan. Sulu pirate fleet was involved in this resistance by attacking and hijacking against Pemarangan. In 1778, Aji VOC Gift for help but can not be met.

In the year 1780, Aji Imbut successfully recapture the capital and Pemarangan officially crowned as the sultan with the title of Sultan Aji Muhammad in court Muslihuddin Kukar Sultanate. Gift Aji executed and buried on the island of Jembayan.

Imbut Aji Aji Mohammed Sultan Muslihuddin moved the capital of Kutai Kartanegara to Tepian Pandan on September 28, 1782. The move was done to eliminate the influence of the bitter memories of the reign and the Kado Aji Pemarangan deemed to have lost tuahnya. Pandan Tepian name later changed into a means tourist Appliances House King, over time more popular tourist Appliances called Tenggarong and survive until now.

In the year 1838, Kukar Empire led by Sultan Aji Muhammad Aji Imbut Salehuddin after his death that year.

In 1844, merchant ships 2 James Erskine Murray's leadership of British waters entering Tenggarong. Murray came to the Kutai and ask to trade the land to establish a trade post and the exclusive rights to run the steamer in the waters of the Mahakam. But Sultan A.M. Salehuddin allow Murray to trade only in Samarinda region alone. Murray is not satisfied with the offer of this Sultan. After a few days in the waters Tenggarong, Murray fired a cannon towards the palace and returned by the troops Kutai kingdom. The battle was inevitable. Murray led the fleet was defeated and fled toward the open sea. Five people were injured and three people died from the fleet Murray, and Murray himself, were among those killed.
Relief event Awang Long Senopati battle on Pancasila Monument, Tenggarong

Tenggarong incident in this battle to the British side. England actually going to do a counterattack against Kutai, but taken by the Dutch that the Kutai is one part of the Dutch East Indies and the Netherlands will solve these problems in his own way. Then the Dutch sent a fleet under the command t'Hooft with a full arsenal. Arriving in Tenggarong, t'Hooft fleet attacked the palace of Sultan Kutai. Sultan A.M. Salehuddin evacuated to the town Wake up. Kutai royal warlord, Awang Long title of Prince Senopati with his troops fought valiantly against the fleet to maintain the honor t'Hooft Kukar Kingdom. Awang Long died in battle are less balanced and Kukar Empire was defeated and surrendered in the Netherlands.

On October 11, 1844, Sultan A.M. Salehuddin must sign an agreement with the Dutch, who claimed that the Sultan recognized the Dutch East Indies government and obey the Dutch East Indies government in Borneo, represented by a resident who is domiciled in Banjarmasin.

Year 1846, H. von Dewall become civil administrator of the first Dutch on the east coast of Borneo.

In 1850, Sultan A.M. Solomon held the reins of leadership of Kutai Kartanegara Martadipura Ing.

In 1853, Dutch East Indies government puts J. Zwager as a Resident Assistant in Samarinda. At the time of political and economic power is still in the hands of Sultan PM Solomon (1850-1899).

In 1863, the kingdom back Kukar agreement with the Dutch. In the treaty was agreed that the Kingdom Kukar become part of the Government of the Netherlands East Indies.

Year 1888, the first coal mines opened in the Kutai Stone Panggal by mining engineer from the Netherlands, JH Menten. Menten also laid the foundation for the first oil exploitation in the Kutai region. Kutai region's prosperity seems more real even making Kukar Sultanate became very popular in those days. Pengeksloitasian royalties on natural resources in Kutai given to Sultan Sulaiman.

In 1899, Sultan Suleiman the son dies and is succeeded by his crown Aji Mohammed Sultan Aji Muhammad Alimuddin.

In 1907, the first Catholic mission was established in Laham. A year later, the upper Mahakam region was submitted to the Netherlands with compensation for 12,990 Gulden per year to the Sultan of Kutai Kartanegara.

Sultan Alimuddin reigns only over a period of 11 years, he died in 1910. Because at that time Aji crown prince was still immature Startled, Sultanate rule Kukar then held by the Trusteeship Council, led by Prince Aji Mangkunegoro.

On November 14, 1920, was named Aji Shocked Kukar Sultan with the title of Sultan Aji Muhammad Parikshit.

Since the early 20th century, Kutai economy grew very rapidly as a result of incorporation of Borneo-Sumatra Trade Co.. In those years, the capital of Kutai gained steadily grown through the surplus generated each year. Until the year 1924, Kutai has a fund of 3,280,000 Gulden - a fantastic amount for that period.

In 1936, Sultan A.M. Parikshit build a magnificent new palace and made of solid concrete materials. Within one year, the palace was completed.

When the Japanese occupied the area of Kutai in 1942, the Sultan of Kutai must comply with the Tenno Heika, Emperor of Japan. Japan gave the Sultan an honorary degree by the name of the royal Koo Kooti.

Indonesian independence in 1945. Two years later, the Sultanate Kukar status entered into the Autonomous Region Federation of East Kalimantan together other areas such as the Sultanate of Bulungan, Sambaliung, and Sand Mountain Tabur by forming the Council of the Sultanate. Then on December 27, 1949 in the United States of Indonesia.

Autonomous Region Kutai changed into the Special Region of Kutai, which is autonomous regions / regional special district under the Emergency Act No.3 Th.1953.

In 1959, under Law No. 27 Year 1959 on "Areas Establishment Level II in Borneo", the area of Kutai Special Region is split into 3 Regional Level II, namely:
1. Second Level Region with the capital Tenggarong Kutai
2. The township's capital of Balikpapan Balikpapan
3. Township with capital Samarinda Samarinda

On January 20, 1960, located in the Governorates in Samarinda, APT Pranoto who served as governor of East Kalimantan, with the name of Minister of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia inaugurated the 3rd and took an oath to the three regional heads the autonomous regions, namely:
1. A.R. Regent Padmo as Level II Regional Head Kutai
2. Capt.. Soedjono as the Municipal Mayor of Samarinda
3. A.R. Sayid Mohammad as the Municipal Mayor of Balikpapan

A day later, on January 21, 1960 held at the Sultan Palace Hall of Kutai, Tenggarong Parliament Special Session Special Region Kutai. The core of this event is the handover of government from the Head Chief of the Special Region of Kutai, Sultan Aji Muhammad Raden Aji Parikshit to Padmo as Head of the Provincial Regent II Kutai, Captain Soedjono (Mayor Samarinda) and AR Sayid Mohammad (Mayor of Balikpapan). Government of Kutai Kartanegara under Sultan Aji Muhammad Parikshit ended, and he was living a commoner.

In 1999, Kukar Regent Drs. H. Syaukani HR, MM intends to revive the Sultanate Martadipura Kukar ing. The return of Kutai was not with the intention to revive feudalism in the region, but as an effort to preserve cultural heritage and history as a kingdom of Kutai in Indonesia's oldest. In addition, the Sultanate dihidupkannya Kukar tradition is to support the tourism sector of East Kalimantan in an effort to attract tourists and foreign tourists.

On 7 November 2000, Regent Kukar with Crown Kutai H. Prince Aji Praboe Adiningrat Soerja Anoem facing President Abdurrahman Wahid at the Bina Graha Jakarta to convey the above purpose. President Wahid agreed and approved the return of Kutai Kartanegara to the descendants of Sultan Kutai crown prince H. Prince Aji Praboe.

On September 22, 2001, Crown Prince of Kutai Kartanegara, H. Prince Aji Praboe Adiningrat Soerya Anoem crowned Emperor with the title Kukar Sultan H. Aji Muhammad Salehuddin II. Coronation H.A.P. Praboe as the new Sultan Kukar held on September 22, 2001

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Sunda Kelapa, the precursor Jakarta

Sunda Kelapa is the name of a port in Jakarta. This port is located in the village Penjaringan, Penjaringan subdistrict, North Jakarta.

Although the name of Sunda Kelapa only one of the ports, but the area became an important part in the history of travel Jakarta. Because this is the beginning of the story of the village city of Jakarta was born on June 22, 1527 earlier. Sunda Kelapa is the embryo of Jakarta.

According to some historians, at the time Sunda Kelapa Sunda kingdom belongs to its capital in Pakuan Pajajaran or Pajajaran (now Bogor), which was captured by troops of Demak and Cirebon.

Although the day was newly established city of Jakarta on the 16th century, Sunda Kelapa history had begun much earlier, ie at the time of the Kingdom of Sunda's predecessor, namely Tarumanagara kingdom.

Tarumanagara kingdom had been attacked and conquered by the kingdom of Srivijaya of Sumatra. Therefore, do not be surprised if ethnic Sunda Sunda Kelapa port to use a common Malay language in Sumatra, which later become the national language, long before the events Youth Pledge.

At this time Sunda Kelapa Harbor is planned to tour the area because of high historical value. Currently Sunda Kelapa Harbor is one of the ports managed by PT Pelindo II is not certified to the International Ship and Port Security for the service nature of the services only for inter-island ships.

Currently Sunda Kelapa port has total land area of 760 hectares and 16,470 hectares of pond waters, consisting of two main ports and port Kalibaru. The main port area has a 3250 meters long and the pool area approximately 1200 meters which can accommodate 70 motor yacht.

Kalibaru harbor 750 feet in length with an area of 343,399 square meters of land, the area of 42,128.74 square meters pool, and can accommodate about 65 boats between islands and has a wide field of goods piling 31,131 square meters.

In terms of economy, this port is very strategic because it close to commercial centers such as Glodok in Jakarta, Pasar Pagi, Mangga Dua, and others. As inter-island port, Sunda Kelapa visited crowded ships measuring 175 BRT.

The goods are transported in this port other than piece goods are groceries and textiles. For development outside of Java, the Sunda Kelapa was also transported building materials like concrete and steel etc.. This port is also the aim of building demolition materials outside of Java such as sawn timber, rattan, kaoliang, copra, and so forth.

Loading and unloading of goods at the port was still using the traditional way. In this port is also available storage warehouse facility, either regular or storage warehouse fire.

In terms of history, this port also is one tourist destination for DKI. Not far from the port have the Maritime Museum Indonesia showing the world maritime heritage of the past and the history of Dutch colonial past.

To the south of this port there is also Shipyard VOC and VOC buildings that have been renovated. Besides this port will undergo planned reclamation for the construction of the East Ancol multifunction terminals for 500 hectares. (* wikipedia / ham)

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